MARGOLIOTH, JACOB (d. between 1499 and 1512), rabbi of Regensburg (Ratisbon), originally from worms . In 1497 he corresponded with johannes reuchlin on kabbalistic literature. Margolioth was considered a halakhic authority by his contemporaries and praised by them. His son SAMUEL, father of the apostate anton margarita , succeeded him as rabbi of Regensburg until the expulsion in 1519; he subsequently moved to Posen (Poznan), where he served as av betdin of Great Poland until after 1537. Another of Jacob's sons, ISAAC EIZIK (d. 1525), was a member of the bet din of R. jacob pollak of Prague. Jacob's Seder Gittin ve-Ḥaliẓah has been preserved in two copies, one made by his son Isaac (Bodl. Ms. 2010/3) and the other by his son SHALOM SHAKHNA under the title Yam she-Asah Shelomo (Bodl. Ms. 803). Part of his work was printed at the end of Tur Even ha-Ezer (Berlin, 1702). A privilege of Frederick III dated 1487 mentions a second JACOB MARGOLIOTH (d. before 1492), of Nuremberg. A halakhic declaration by him is noted in the responsa of R. judah minz (no. 13), on the legality of a declaration of refusal (me'un) to marry. R. elijah capsali named Jacob Margolioth as one of the supporters of R. moses capsali in his bitter controversy (1475–80) with R. joseph colon (Likkutim Shonim, 1869, p. 16), but it is unclear to which of the two he was referring. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Wiener, in: MGWJ, 12 (1868), 345–51; S. Wiener, Pesak ha-Ḥerem shel ha-Rav Ya'akov Pollak (1897), 67–68; Graetz-Rabinowitz, 6 (1898), 436–7; A. Freimann, in: Festschrift… M. Philippson (1916), 89–90; J. Mieses, Die aelteste gedruckte deutsche Uebersetzung des juedischen Gebetbuches aus dem Jahre 1530 (1916), 12–26; A. Marx, Studies in Jewish History and Booklore (1944), 123, no. 66; R. Straus, Urkunden und Aktenstuecke zur Geschichte der Juden in Regensburg (1960), no. 672. (Abraham David)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • MARGOLIOTH — (Margoliouth, Margulies, Margolies, and various other spellings), family that traditionally traces its descent   from rashi . The name derives from margalit (מרגלית), Hebrew for pearl. The earliest identifiable member of the family was Jacob of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jacob Pollak — Rabbi Jacob Pollak (other common spelling Yaakov Pollack) was the founder of the Polish method of halakic and Talmudic study known as the Pilpul; born about 1460; died at Lublin in 1541. He was a pupil of Jacob Margolioth of Nuremberg, with whose …   Wikipedia

  • EISENSTADT, ABRAHAM ẒEVI HIRSCH BEN JACOB — (1813–1868), halakhic authority. Eisenstadt, who was born in Bialystok, was appointed rabbi of Berestovitsa, district of Grodno, in 1836, and of Utina (Uttian), district of Kovno, in 1856. Eisenstadt took upon himself the task of collecting and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHKENAZI, ẒEVI HIRSCH BEN JACOB — (also known as the Ḥakham Zevi; 1660–1718), rabbi and halakhist. Both his father, Jacob Sak, a renowned scholar, and his maternal grandfather, ephraim b. jacob ha kohen , had escaped from Vilna to Moravia during the 1655 Cossack uprising. It was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JUDAH BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (18th century), German rabbi. Judah served as rosh yeshivah in Berlin and was later appointed dayyan in Lissa. He carried on an extensive correspondence with Ezekiel b. Judah landau and ephraim zalman margolioth . All his possessions were lost in …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NUREMBERG — (Ger. Nuernberg), city in Bavaria, Germany. A report of 1146 records that many Jews from Rhenish towns fled to Nuremberg, but Jews are first mentioned in the city in 1182. By the 13th century a large number of Jews were resident there. In reply… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PLOCK — (Pol. Płock; Rus. Plotsk), city in Warszawa province, central Poland. As Jews settled there before 1237, when the city was the capital of Masovia, the Plock Jewish community is one of the oldest in Poland. In the first 200 years of their… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RESPONSA — (Heb. שְׁאֵלוֹת וּתְשׁוּבוֹת; lit. queries and replies ), a rabbinic term denoting an exchange of letters in which one party consults another on a halakhic matter. Such responsa   are already mentioned in the Talmud, which tells of an inquiry… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ISRAEL BEN ELIEZER BA'AL SHEM TOV — (known by the initials of Ba al Shem Tov as Besht; c. 1700–1760), charismatic founder and first leader of Ḥasidism in Eastern Europe. (See Chart: Ba al Shem Tov Family). Through oral traditions handed down by his pupils (jacob joseph of Polonnoye …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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